The Canada-Alberta Tax Collection Agreement was first signed in 1957, and it outlines the responsibilities of each government in the collection and administration of taxes in Alberta. The agreement allows the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to collect federal taxes on behalf of the province of Alberta, and it also allows for the sharing of information between the two governments to ensure the proper assessment and collection of taxes.

Under the agreement, the CRA collects and administers federal personal income tax, corporate income tax, excise tax, and goods and services tax (GST) in Alberta. The province of Alberta is responsible for collecting and administering its own provincial taxes, such as provincial income tax and fuel tax.

One of the benefits of the Canada-Alberta Tax Collection Agreement is that it simplifies tax administration for taxpayers in Alberta. Instead of having to deal with two separate tax authorities, taxpayers only need to deal with the CRA for federal taxes and the province of Alberta for provincial taxes. This reduces the complexity and administrative burden of tax compliance for individuals and businesses operating in Alberta.

Another benefit of the agreement is that it allows for the sharing of information between the CRA and the province of Alberta. This helps to ensure that taxpayers are accurately assessed and that taxes are collected in a timely and efficient manner. The sharing of information also helps to prevent tax evasion and ensure compliance with tax laws.

Overall, the Canada-Alberta Tax Collection Agreement is an important tool for ensuring effective tax administration in Alberta. By simplifying tax compliance for taxpayers and allowing for the sharing of information between the CRA and the province of Alberta, the agreement helps to ensure that taxes are collected fairly and efficiently. As such, it is an important component of the overall tax system in Canada.